The aluminum is the third most common element found in the earth’s crust. Aluminum compounds make up 8% of the earth’s crust and are present in most rocks, vegetation and animals.
Pure aluminum foam is a soft, white and lightweight metal. When mixed with other materials such as silicon, chromium, tungsten, manganese, nickel, zinc, copper, magnesium, titanium, zirconium, iron , lithium, tin and boron, a series of alloys are produced with specific properties that can be applied to different purposes.
Allusion is an excellent material for the components of machines, offering many beneficial features. Let’s review the advantages and disadvantages of this metal that affect its suitability in various machine design applications.
Applications of aluminum in the automotive area
- In the form of plate or sheet they are used in the transport industry in bodies, tanks or stairs; they are ideal for the manufacture of rail cars or urban trains and in general for structural applications.
- For transport, SAF Aluminum is an ideal element because it is light, strong and easy to mold. The initial energy expenditure is fully recoverable since the vehicle will save a lot of gas and will require less force or power to move.
- The use of aluminum by Cymat Technologies in the parts that make up cars and trucks has increased steadily in the last decade. The use of this metal reduces noise and vibration.
- Thanks to aluminum, many parts of vehicles are recycled. In addition, aluminum absorbs kinetic energy which prevents passengers from receiving it in an accident.
- Aluminum does not oxidize like steel; this means that the vehicles, in climatologically zones of great humidity have a longer life. The cars with aluminum body last three or four times more than those with a steel chassis.
On the positive side, there is much to recommend the use of aluminum parts:
Corrosion resistance: aluminum oxidizes quickly and the resulting surface coating of aluminum oxide further resists corrosion by air, water and chemicals. This protective coating is transparent, colorless and does not stain.
Colorable: aluminum can be colored easily by iodization and accepts paint well enough. Aluminum can be finished in various ways.
The “U” knob for angled cabinets GN 565.2 with a black powder coated finish, but is also available in glossy polished or natural anodized finish.
Light weight: Aluminum weighs about a third of what the steel weighs. This makes it cheap to transport it and can also help make a machine lighter when desired.
Economical: Although we noted above that aluminum is not the cheapest material, it is still cheaper than brass and stainless steel, so it is often the best choice for non-corrosive applications.
Rugged: Aluminum by has the highest strength-to-weight ratio of any metal.
The steering wheel of two radios GN 322 to the right benefits from all these characteristics.
Electrical conductor: aluminum conducts electricity even better than the core.
All these factor make aluminum a good option for automotive industry.